CA, Inc. (CA) Looking for a Catalyst the Book to Market Ratio Hits 0.425221

CA, Inc. (CA) is yielding a market ratio of 0.425221. The book to market ratio is a relative valuation ratio which divides the  book value of a company by the market value.  The ratio is meant to provide an indication of valuation.  It is commonly believed a book to value ratio above 1 suggests that the company is undervalued while a ratio above 1 suggests that it is overvalued due to the fact that the companies assets are worth less than its market value.


Book-to-Market Ratio= Common Shareholders Equity/Market Cap

Most investors are more familiar with P/B or Price-to-book. This is just the inverted value.

Price-to-Book Ratio=Market Cap/Common Shareholders Equity

At some point, individual investors may find themselves routinely falling prey to the lure of performance chasing. It can be highly tempting to want to be a part of a near-term stock run to the upside. Short-term investors may only be interested in these types of moves, but longer-term investors may want to be a bit more cautious. Chasing performance may end up leading the investor away from previously defined goals and the overall strategy. Investors who are committed to achieving long-term success may occasionally need to reshuffle the deck when the short-term clatter becomes too noisy.


Benjamin Graham, professor and founder of value investing principles, was one of the first to consistently screen the market looking for bargain companies based on value factors. He didn’t have databases such as ValueSignals at his disposal, but used people like his apprentice Warren Buffet to fill out stock sheets with the most important data. CA, Inc. (CA) has an NCAV to Market value of -0.045148.

Graham was always on the watch for firms that were so discounted, that if the company went into liquidation, the proceeds of the assets would still return a profit.

There are many traders who think that proper psychology is one of the most important aspects of becoming successful in the stock market. Traders may need to learn how to become confident while overcoming certain fears and dealing with extreme ups and downs. This may not be easy as individuals all draw off of prior experiences at some level. Being able to convert outside success to the stock market may take some work. Traders who are able to overcome previous bias may be on the right path for having the proper mindset when entering the market.

CA, Inc. (CA) has a current MF Rank of 1290. Developed by hedge fund manager Joel Greenblatt, the intention of the formula is to spot high quality companies that are trading at an attractive price. The formula uses ROIC and earnings yield ratios to find quality, undervalued stocks. In general, companies with the lowest combined rank may be the higher quality picks.


Value Composite Three (VC3) is another adaptation of O’Shaughnessy’s value composite but here he combines the factors used in VC1 with buyback yield. This factor is interesting for investors who’re looking for stocks with the best value characteristics, but are indifferent to whether these companies pay a dividend.

VC3 is the combination of the following factors:

Price-to-Cash flow
Buyback Yield

As with the VC1 and VC2, companies are put into groups from 1 to 100 for each ratio and the individual scores are summed up. This total score is then put into groups again from 1 to 100. 1 is cheap, 100 is expensive.

The scorecard also displays variants of the VC3 where the score is calculated for the selected company compared to peer companies in the same industry, industry group or sector.

Please note that we use Book-to-Market instead of P/B since it allows a more accurate sorting compared to P/B. Stocks with a high B/M show up at the top of the list, stocks with negative B/M are at the bottom of the list. For the same reason we use Earnings-to-Price instead of Price-to-Earnings and Cash flow-to-price instead instead of Price-to-cash flow.

Also important is that we always make sure that companies with the same score get added to the same percentile. For stock universes where the number of stocks is less than 100, we make sure that the stocks are still allocated to percentiles from 0 to 100 instead of 0 to the total number of stocks. This is particularly relevant for the industry, industry group or sector variants where if additional filters are used, the number of stocks often drops below 100.

CA, Inc. (CA) has a VC3 of 32.

CA, Inc. (CA) has a Value Composite score of 42. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 34.

Watching some historical volatility numbers on shares of CA, Inc. (CA), we can see that the 12 month volatility is presently 23.8096. The 6 month volatility is 25.5386, and the 3 month is spotted at 7.1547. Following volatility data can help measure how much the stock price has fluctuated over the specified time period. Although past volatility action may help project future stock volatility, it may also be vastly different when taking into account other factors that may be driving price action during the measured time period.

Active investing may be highly stressful at times. Investors often set up trades with the best intentions, but have the tendency to let too much emotion seep into the situation. When dealing with the emotions of market stress, investors may need to figure out how to keep emotions in check in order to make the right decision. This may come easy to some but much harder for others. Because there is no one right way to trade, investors may have to experience certain scenarios for themselves. Creating a plan from the outset may help the investor when tough decisions need to be made. Keeping cool under pressure is a trait shared by many successful investors. When the investor is focused on a plan or specific trading system, this can make things a bit easier when times get tough.

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