Peeling The Layers Back on Valuation For Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI), Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX)

The Shareholder Yield is a way that investors can see how much money shareholders are receiving from a company through a combination of dividends, share repurchases and debt reduction.  The Shareholder Yield of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 0.033850.  This percentage is calculated by adding the dividend yield plus the percentage of shares repurchased.  Dividends are a common way that companies distribute cash to their shareholders.  Similarly, cash repurchases and a reduction of debt can increase the shareholder value, too.  Another way to determine the effectiveness of a company’s distributions is by looking at the Shareholder yield (Mebane Faber).  The Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. NYSE:AWI is 0.33886.  This number is calculated by looking at the sum of the dividend yield plus percentage of sales repurchased and net debt repaid yield.

For any technician, the trend is a major aspect of stock trading. The trend is the dominant movement in direction of a stock’s price. When discussing the trend in terms of stock price, the assumption is that the trend is expected to continue over a certain period of time. Obviously there is no guarantee that a defined trend will continue, but technical analysts will scour the charts looking for signs of a developed trend to help make the best possible decisions. Seasoned chart watchers are typically able to spot if a trend is up, down, or sideways. Learning how to trade the trend is another part of the process that traders may spend years perfecting.

Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) has a Price to Book ratio of 9.769427. This ratio is calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 14.399570, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 17.540442. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

Free Cash Flow Growth (FCF Growth) is the free cash flow of the current year minus the free cash flow from the previous year, divided by last year’s free cash flow.  The FCF Growth of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 2.563725.  Free cash flow (FCF) is the cash produced by the company minus capital expenditure.  This cash is what a company uses to meet its financial obligations, such as making payments on debt or to pay out dividends.  The Free Cash Flow Score (FCF Score) is a helpful tool in calculating the free cash flow growth with free cash flow stability – this gives investors the overall quality of the free cash flow.  The FCF Score of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 2.035732.  Experts say the higher the value, the better, as it means that the free cash flow is high, or the variability of free cash flow is low or both.

The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) for last month was 1.12468. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 1.10542. Some of the best financial predictions are formed by using a variety of financial tools. The Price Range 52 Weeks is one of the tools that investors use to determine the lowest and highest price at which a stock has traded in the previous 52 weeks.  The Price Range of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) over the past 52 weeks is 0.903000.  The 52-week range can be found in the stock’s quote summary.

Valuation
The Gross Margin Score is calculated by looking at the Gross Margin and the overall stability of the company over the course of 8 years.  The score is a number between one and one hundred (1 being best and 100 being the worst).  The Gross Margin Score of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 30.00000.  The more stable the company, the lower the score.  If a company is less stable over the course of time, they will have a higher score.

Ever wonder how investors predict positive share price momentum?  The Cross SMA 50/200, also known as the “Golden Cross” is the fifty day moving average divided by the two hundred day moving average.  The SMA 50/200 for Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is currently 1.01103.  If the Golden Cross is greater than 1, then the 50 day moving average is above the 200 day moving average – indicating a positive share price momentum.  If the Golden Cross is less than 1, then the 50 day moving average is below the 200 day moving average, indicating that the price might drop.

The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a firm’s financial strength.  The score helps determine if a company’s stock is valuable or not.  The Piotroski F-Score of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 7.  A score of nine indicates a high value stock, while a score of one indicates a low value stock.  The score is calculated by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings.  It is also calculated by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue.  The score is also determined by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

The ERP5 Rank is an investment tool that analysts use to discover undervalued companies.  The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC.  The ERP5 of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 9635.  The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a company is thought to be. The MF Rank (aka the Magic Formula) is a formula that pinpoints a valuable company trading at a good price.  The formula is calculated by looking at companies that have a high earnings yield as well as a high return on invested capital.  The MF Rank of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 6868.  A company with a low rank is considered a good company to invest in.  The Magic Formula was introduced in a book written by Joel Greenblatt, entitled, “The Little Book that Beats the Market”.

The Q.i. Value of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 36.00000.  The Q.i. Value is a helpful tool in determining if a company is undervalued or not.  The Q.i. Value is calculated using the following ratios: EBITDA Yield, Earnings Yield, FCF Yield, and Liquidity.  The lower the Q.i. value, the more undervalued the company is thought to be.

The Value Composite One (VC1) is a method that investors use to determine a company’s value.  The VC1 of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 53.  A company with a value of 0 is thought to be an undervalued company, while a company with a value of 100 is considered an overvalued company.  The VC1 is calculated using the price to book value, price to sales, EBITDA to EV, price to cash flow, and price to earnings.  Similarly, the Value Composite Two (VC2) is calculated with the same ratios, but adds the Shareholder Yield.  The Value Composite Two of Armstrong World Industries, Inc. (NYSE:AWI) is 45.

Investors are typically trying to find solid stocks to add to the portfolio. When it comes to stock picking, there is no magic formula. There are various techniques that may provide better outcomes than others, but it’s how these techniques are put together and applied that can make all the difference. One of the keys to successful investing is the proper use of information. Everyone can see the vast amount of data that is available on publically traded companies. Being able to interpret the data could end up being the most important factor when it comes to successfully selecting stocks to buy. Taking the time to investigate a particular stock that looks attractive can be a smart move. Investors may be better served to not just jump on the hot stock of the day, but employ analysis that may help uncover some buried information. Good stocks are indeed out there, it may just take some time to figure out which ones they are.

The Shareholder Yield of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 0.033848.  The Shareholder Yield is a way that investors can see how much money shareholders are receiving from a company through a combination of dividends, share repurchases and debt reduction.  This percentage is calculated by adding the dividend yield plus the percentage of shares repurchased.  Dividends are a common way that companies distribute cash to their shareholders.  Similarly, cash repurchases and a reduction of debt can increase the shareholder value, too.  Another way to determine the effectiveness of a company’s distributions is by looking at the Shareholder yield (Mebane Faber).  The Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of Paychex, Inc. NasdaqGS:PAYX is 0.03345.  This number is calculated by looking at the sum of the dividend yield plus percentage of sales repurchased and net debt repaid yield.

Investing in the stock market comes with inherent risk. Some stocks are much riskier than others, but there will always be some level of risk no matter which stocks are chosen. Individual investors managing their own portfolios are constantly on the lookout for investing tips or some kind of information that may confirm their gut feeling about a certain stock. Investors may want to be wary when listening to stock investment advice from friends, family members, or even trusted colleagues. People are usually quick to tell others about the winning stocks that they have picked in the past, but they may not be very forthcoming about discussing those portfolio clunkers. After hearing about the next big stock, investors can always do the research and check the prospect out for themselves.

The Gross Margin Score is calculated by looking at the Gross Margin and the overall stability of the company over the course of 8 years.  The score is a number between one and one hundred (1 being best and 100 being the worst).  The Gross Margin Score of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 14.00000.  The more stable the company, the lower the score.  If a company is less stable over the course of time, they will have a higher score.

Ever wonder how investors predict positive share price momentum?  The Cross SMA 50/200, also known as the “Golden Cross” is the fifty day moving average divided by the two hundred day moving average.  The SMA 50/200 for Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is currently 1.00057.  If the Golden Cross is greater than 1, then the 50 day moving average is above the 200 day moving average – indicating a positive share price momentum.  If the Golden Cross is less than 1, then the 50 day moving average is below the 200 day moving average, indicating that the price might drop.

Valuation Scores
The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a firm’s financial strength.  The score helps determine if a company’s stock is valuable or not.  The Piotroski F-Score of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 6.  A score of nine indicates a high value stock, while a score of one indicates a low value stock.  The score is calculated by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings.  It is also calculated by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue.  The score is also determined by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

The ERP5 Rank is an investment tool that analysts use to discover undervalued companies.  The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC.  The ERP5 of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 5353.  The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a company is thought to be. The MF Rank (aka the Magic Formula) is a formula that pinpoints a valuable company trading at a good price.  The formula is calculated by looking at companies that have a high earnings yield as well as a high return on invested capital.  The MF Rank of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 3533.  A company with a low rank is considered a good company to invest in.  The Magic Formula was introduced in a book written by Joel Greenblatt, entitled, “The Little Book that Beats the Market”.

The Q.i. Value of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 39.00000.  The Q.i. Value is a helpful tool in determining if a company is undervalued or not.  The Q.i. Value is calculated using the following ratios: EBITDA Yield, Earnings Yield, FCF Yield, and Liquidity.  The lower the Q.i. value, the more undervalued the company is thought to be.

The Value Composite One (VC1) is a method that investors use to determine a company’s value.  The VC1 of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 64.  A company with a value of 0 is thought to be an undervalued company, while a company with a value of 100 is considered an overvalued company.  The VC1 is calculated using the price to book value, price to sales, EBITDA to EV, price to cash flow, and price to earnings.  Similarly, the Value Composite Two (VC2) is calculated with the same ratios, but adds the Shareholder Yield.  The Value Composite Two of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 53.

Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) has a Price to Book ratio of 10.403899. This ratio is calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 20.583594, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 25.684255. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

Free Cash Flow Growth (FCF Growth) is the free cash flow of the current year minus the free cash flow from the previous year, divided by last year’s free cash flow.  The FCF Growth of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 0.120246.  Free cash flow (FCF) is the cash produced by the company minus capital expenditure.  This cash is what a company uses to meet its financial obligations, such as making payments on debt or to pay out dividends.  The Free Cash Flow Score (FCF Score) is a helpful tool in calculating the free cash flow growth with free cash flow stability – this gives investors the overall quality of the free cash flow.  The FCF Score of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 0.757752.  Experts say the higher the value, the better, as it means that the free cash flow is high, or the variability of free cash flow is low or both.

Price Index
The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) for last month was 1.09074. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) is 1.08419. Some of the best financial predictions are formed by using a variety of financial tools. The Price Range 52 Weeks is one of the tools that investors use to determine the lowest and highest price at which a stock has traded in the previous 52 weeks.  The Price Range of Paychex, Inc. (NasdaqGS:PAYX) over the past 52 weeks is 0.919000.  The 52-week range can be found in the stock’s quote summary.

The investing world can be an exciting yet scary place. It is an ever-changing environment filled with profits, losses, and everything in-between. There are always new challenges waiting right around the corner for the individual investor. Just when things seem stable and steady, some unexpected event can send markets into a tizzy. Most investors try hard to create a stock portfolio that can stand on its own during the stormy periods. Unsettling market conditions come with the territory, but knowing how to deal with these conditions can separate the winners from the losers over the long run.

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